• Let me simplify PhD options into two broad categories: India and Abroad
  • As far as India is concerned PhD can be done in following institutes: ( well, these are some of them but are the best ones. It can be done in institutes other than those mentioned below)
  1. IIT: one needs to clear entrance exam. PhD can be done in biosciences department
  2. ACTREC ( Research wing of tata memorial hospital, located at Khargar, Navimumbai):one needs to clear an entrance exam. Research positions for fixed tenures are announced frequently on the website. ( By research postions, I do not mean PhD)
  3. Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research: one needs to clear entrance exam
  4. Indian institute of Science
  5. Mumbai UNiv: one needs to clear an entrance exam
Abroad: US, UK, Canada, NZ, Aus

  • US: Most of the Univ require GRE score along with TOEFL. IELTS is not accepted in most of the Univ. Lot of Universities with variety of Phd options. But one may or may not get funding. It all depends on the credentials, LORs, SOP, scores, and grants available with Univ when one applies. Exact requirements can be found on the respective sites. To know the different Univ, one can see the site of American Dental Boards. But another way of getting into PhD is by doing MS first. If you perform good enough, then you can be offered a PhD position. MS programs may or may not offer stipends. Sometimes it may be available only for US citizens. As far as tuition fees for MS is concerned, One needs to chk the respective sites. But Scholarships for MS are not that easy. MS generally requires NBDE. But one needs to get in touch with the respective program coordinators to know the details. Most of things for Canada are similar to US. One can chk on univ sites e.g. Toronto, McGill, Quebec
  • UK: there are 13 dental schools. Most of them offer PhD. One needs to clear IELTS exam with the required band. One has to get in touch with program coordinators for the application process. Univ might offer PhD positions in certain topics. But one has to find out if they are funded or non funded. Funding for citizens other than UK/ European Union is very difficult. It is highly competitive. Currently, Obtaining Visa for UK is getting murkier. UK is a bit difficult option. One can clear its licensure exam, practice in UK for few years, earn some money and then can fund one's own PhD. This is a long and difficult route.
  • NZ/ AUS: Details can be obtained on the respective sites. But IELTS is a requirement. Get in touch with respective prog coordinators. Aus is expensive as far as PhD is concerned.
but in general there are few points:

  • Dont enter into PhD with strings attached e.g. to get into academics, to earn more money, to be a visiting prof in diff colleges. No PhD can guarantee one anything. Do it because you luv the subject and not because you have certain things in mind after completion of PhD. If you find a job, then you are lucky. But do not expect anything. People have started getting into post doc after PhD. So its a long route.
  • As far as the diff Univ are concerned, rankings can be checkd on global Univ rankings. But there are no separate rankings for dental Univ.
  • Years for completion of PhD: around 3-5. Part time- 6
  • lot of research goes into selection of topic.
  • I dont have much idea abt PhD in countries other than those mentioned above. PhD positions can be found on
  • PhD can also be done in various hosp line John Hopkins, Cambridge Res Institute, Peter Mac, MD Anderson etc. One needs to chk the respective sites for positions.
  • At times if one is lucky, directly PhD topics are advertised on Univ sites. One can directly contact the supervisor in such cases.

I hope this info is useful.


Dr Avadhoot Avadhani,
Ex Asst. Prof.,Oral Pathology, GDC Mumbai